PCOS Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

PCOS: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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When it comes to women's health, it is difficult to explain that due to stress as well as other variables, women nowadays may suffer from a wide range of health problems such as hypertension, fertility problems, and even polycystic ovarian syndrome, which would be usually followed by infertility due to PCOS's problems. Let's talk about PCOS, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment in this blog. 


What is  PCOS? 


PCOS is among the most prevalent reasons for female infertility. It can also raise your chance of developing other health problems. PCOS is a disorder that alters a female's levels of hormones. Women with PCOS have higher-than-normal levels of masculine hormones. This hormonal imbalance leads their bodies to miss menstrual cycles, making pregnancy more difficult. PCOS also causes hair growth on the face and body, as well as baldness. It can also lead to long-term health issues, including diabetes and heart disease. 


PCOS is a hormonal imbalance that affects women throughout their reproductive years (ages 15 to 44). PCOS affects 2.2 to 26.7% of women in this age category. Many women have PCOS without realising it. In one research, up to 70% of females with PCOS had not been recognized.


Symptoms of PCOS


  • Acne
  • Fatigue
  • Hair thinning
  • Increased testosterone levels
  • Hirsutism
  • Periods of irregularity
  • Infertility
  • Overweight
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pigmentation


Causes of PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)


  • Insulin overdose: Insulin is a pancreatic hormone that permits cells to utilise glucose, your body's principal source of energy. If your cells develop resistance to insulin's activity, your levels of blood sugar may rise, and your body may create more insulin. Excess insulin may boost testosterone production, making ovulation problematic.


  • Increased amounts of androgens: High androgen levels inhibit the ovaries' ability to release eggs (ovulation), resulting in abnormal menstrual periods. Irregular menstruation can also result in the formation of tiny, liquid sacs in the ovaries. Acne and excess growth of hair are also caused by high androgen levels in women.


  • Low-level inflammation: This word refers to the production of anti-infective chemicals by white blood cells. Females with PCOS have a sort of low-grade inflammation that drives polycystic ovaries to generate androgens, which can lead to cardiac and artery issues.


  • Heredity: According to studies, certain genetics may be connected to PCOS. Women with PCOS are 50% more likely to have an immediate female family with PCOS, such as a mother, aunt, sister, or daughter. Type 2 diabetes is also rather frequent in PCOS families.




  • Unusual uterine bleeding
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Eating disorders
  • Infertility
  • Endometrial cancer 
  • Diabetes
  • Abortion or premature baby birth
  • Liver inflammation due to fat or alcohol accumulation 
  • Increase in blood pressure 
  • High blood sugar level


Effects of PCOS(Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) on body


Greater androgen levels can affect fertility along with other aspects of your health.


  • Infertility: PCOS is one of the most prevalent reasons for female infertility. In order to become pregnant, you must ovulate. Women who do not ovulate regularly generate fewer eggs to be fertilised.


  • Metabolic Syndrome: Almost 80% of PCOS women are overweight or obese. Obesity and PCOS both increase your risk of:
  • Blood sugar levels have risen.
  • Hypertension is abnormally high.
  • Low HDL (Good) blood cholesterol
  • LDL (bad) cholesterol levels are elevated.


These factors are referred to together as metabolic syndrome since they increase the risk of:


  • Diabetes
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Stroke


  • Sleep apnea: This condition causes recurrent nighttime breathing difficulties, interrupting sleep. Sleep apnea is more common in overweight women, particularly those with PCOS. Obese women with PCOS have a 5 to 10 times higher risk of sleep apnea than non-PCOS women.


  • Endometrial cancer: During ovulation, the uterine lining sheds. If you don't ovulate every month, the lining may build up. A thick uterine lining increases the risk of endometrial cancer.


  • Depression: However, hormonal imbalances and symptoms such as undesired hair growth can have a significant influence on overall mood. Most PCOS patients eventually experience depression and stress.


PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) Treatment


  • Hormonal birth control methods include tablets, patches, injections, a vaginal ring, and an intrauterine device (IUD). Hormonal birth control aids in the regulation of your menstrual cycle, improve acne, and the prevention of excessive hair growth.


  • Androgen-blocking medications: Some medicines can inhibit the action of androgens. This aids in the prevention of acne and hair growth caused by PCOS. Before taking any type of medication, do consult your doctor to see whether they are safe for you.


  • Changes in lifestyle: Reducing weight and eating a nutritious diet can help lower insulin levels.


Home remedies 


  • Keep a healthy weight: Weight reduction can lower insulin and testosterone levels, perhaps restoring ovulation. Consult your doctor about a weight-control programme, and visit with a dietician on a regular basis to help you attain your weight-loss objectives.


  • Limit your carbohydrate intake: Diets heavy in carbohydrates and low in fat may raise insulin levels. If you have PCOS, consult your doctor about a low-carbohydrate diet. Choose complex foods to steadily boost your blood sugar levels.


  • Regular exercise: Exercise aids in the reduction of blood sugar levels. If you have PCOS, increasing your daily activity and participating in a regular exercise programme can assist you in controlling and even eliminating insulin resistance, regulating your obesity, and avoiding diabetes.


  • Avoid Smoking: Smoking can increase levels of androgens and can also increase the risk of developing cardiac problems. Avoiding smoking can be beneficial in many ways.


If you are a person dealing with PCOS, now you know how to treat the condition. With the help of this blog, you know what exactly PCOS is, its symptoms, causes, complications, and even the effects of PCOS on the body. So it is very important to consult a Gynec when suffering from PCOS. We at Harsha Hospitals boast some of Hyderabad's greatest gynecologists. They have extensive expertise in treating and controlling PCOS and will collaborate with you to devise the optimal treatment strategy for you.


Harsha Hospitals, which has the top gynecologist in Kukatpally, Hyderabad, specializes in the treatment of a wide range of female health issues. So, if you're looking for a PCOS expert, visit us at Harsha Hospitals and be certain that you've chosen the greatest level of care available. After all, we're talking about your health here! 


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