Fibroids: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

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Recognizing and comprehending women's health can be difficult due to the numerous ailments and disorders that women face, including PCOS, Interstitial Cystitis, Ovarian and Cervical cancer, Endometriosis, and Fibroids or Uterine Fibroids. In addition, a few of the aforementioned diseases and disorders are non-harmful, while others might be risky to deal with. This blog will address What Uterine Fibroids are, the Symptoms of these Fibroids, and the Causes. 


Let’s start with a brief intro on what Uterine Fibroids are…


Fibroids or Uterine Fibroids also termed Myomas or Leiomyomas, are non-cancerous tumors that arise from muscle tissue inside the uterus. The size of benign tumors can range from a pea to a grapefruit. Women are more likely to have recurrent fibroids, however, solitary fibroids are possible. The location, size, and the number of fibroids influence whether they cause pain or require treatment.


The most frequent benign (non-cancerous) lesion in women, affects up to 25% of all women and 40% of women over the age of 40. It can range in size and quantity from a single to several growths, as well as from little to huge.


Fibroids are so common that almost 20-80% of women may experience these growths during their 50s and some others may experience these fibroids symptoms between their 30s and 40s. 


Fibroids are most usually found in or around the body of the uterus, however, they can also be found in the cervix. Fibroids are categorized into three types based on where they are found:


  • The uterine outer wall is referred to as subserosal.
  • Intramurals appear to exist in the muscular layers of the uterine wall.
  • Submucosal protrusion into the uterine cavity.


Uterine Fibroid Symptoms


Fibroids are often unreported since they do not usually provide symptoms or signs. In symptomatic individuals, atypical bleeding in the form of excessive or extended menstrual flow is the most common indicator of fibroids.


Typical Uterine Fibroid Symptoms include


  • Unbearable cramps
  • Constipation
  • Prolonged menstrual cycles
  • Discomfort or pain
  • Lower back ache that is excruciating
  • Uterine Intermittent Spotting
  • Miscarriage, infertility, and premature labor are all examples of reproductive difficulties.
  • Urinary frequency has increased.
  • Having a thick or firm stomach


Causes of Fibroids


The following are a few of the factors and causes of uterine fibroids. Despite the aforementioned reasons, uterine fibroids are known to develop in the majority of women, yet they typically shrink without harming health or creating any symptoms.


  • Women who have a family history of Uterine Tumors are more likely to develop the illness.
  • Pregnancy
  • Women who started menstruating before the age of 10 are more likely to develop uterine tumors.
  • Fibroids may develop as a side effect of some therapies and drugs.
  • Hormones are one of the most common causes of fibroids. The ovaries are responsible for the production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. They promote fibroids production by inducing the uterine lining to regenerate throughout each menstrual cycle.


Risk Factors of Developing Uterine Fibroids


  • Age
  • Use of birth control pills
  • Getting your period at your younger age
  • Lack of vitamin D
  • Excess consumption of alcohol
  • Family history or genetics
  • Eating an excess amount of meat
  • Maintaining an unhealthy diet, which includes non-consumption of vegetables, and fruits
  • Obesity or Overweight


Treatment for Uterine Fibroids


Uterine fibroids are the most prevalent gynecological tumors in women, affecting about half of all women throughout their reproductive years. The great majority of them do not necessitate therapy. They may cause discomfort, bleeding, infertility, abortions, and pressure on surrounding organs if they become very large or enter the inner layer of the uterus. Surgical intervention is the most common therapy for these tumors.


Waiting patiently


Many women with uterine fibroids have no symptoms or have slightly bothersome symptoms that they may live with. If this is the case, cautious waiting may be your best option.


Fibroids don't cause cancer. They seldom cause problems during pregnancy. They typically develop slowly, if at all, and diminish after menopause, when levels of reproductive hormonal levels fall.


Abdominal Myomectomy: Because of their large size, quantity, or location, fibroids may require removal by open surgery.


Laparoscopic Myomectomy: Laparoscopy is used to treat several types of fibroids.


  • Treatment is mostly determined by the magnitude, number, and nature of the complaints.
  • Fibroids are removed from pregnant women only if they interfere with fertilization.
  • If the lesion is larger and is interfering with the endometrial lining.
  • It is usually discovered by chance in women who get routine health checks.
  • If the lesion is more than 5 cm in diameter, surgery is recommended.


If it is less than 3cm, a follow-up ultrasound is recommended, and if the size is increased or causing discomfort or bleeding, surgical removal is performed.


Fibroids can reappear following surgery, particularly in women who have not yet achieved menopause.

  • Hysterectomy is recommended for big fibroids in perimenopausal women.
  • After a myomectomy, fertilization is dependent on other factors such as the endometrium and the quality of the sperm (malefactor) and eggs.
  • A 3 to 6-month interval is necessary following myomectomy for the uterus to recover before attempting to conceive.


Changes that occur during this period, such as hot flashes, sleep difficulties, night sweats, skin disorders, and psychological disturbances such as depression and anxiety, can be avoided with healthy living and adequate supervision from us. There are several therapies available to help you manage your symptoms and stay healthy.


Harsha Hospital offers emotional counseling as well as medical assistance to help women through this extremely natural life event. At this age, there is also an increased chance of medical issues such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart difficulties, and cancer. You will be given a broad variety of screening tests to detect them early and avoid consequences.


Harsha Hospital is a hospital that recognizes and addresses all of a woman's health requirements, as well as creates knowledge of how sophisticated healthcare can enhance the lives of women and their families.


Harsha Hospital aims to give complete Gynae care under one roof. From childhood through menopause, the most current technology is available at a reasonable price. We will continue to focus on how to maximize patient happiness and become the first option for every lady. To know more information do contact our experts or just click here to book your direct appointment


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