Infertility: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Infertility: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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Infertility is a condition where a person is unable to conceive or produce offspring. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, stress, physical conditions, and hormonal problems. There are many reasons for infertility and it’s important to find out the cause before starting treatment. Did you know? According to the Department on Women's Health, female infertility accounts for around one-third of all infertility cases, with men's difficulties accounting for the other one-third. In this blog, we will have a brief on what are the causes of infertility, its symptoms and treatment. 

Infertility happens when a male or female is unable to conceive owing to an issue with either partner's reproductive system. When it comes to infertility it can be either  Primary or secondary infertility. Primary infertility occurs when a person is unable to conceive at all. Secondary infertility occurs when a person has previously conceived but is now unable to do so.

Causes of Infertility in Men:

Below are a few factors that causes infertility in Men

  • Efficient sperm production
  • Sperm count, or the quantity of sperm 
  • Shapes of the sperm 
  • Movement of the sperm, including both the wriggling movement of the sperm itself and the transit of the sperm via the male reproductive system's tubes.
  • Other conditions: Anemia, Cushing's syndrome, diabetes, and thyroid illness have all been associated with reduced male fertility.
  • Treatments: Certain medications increase the likelihood of male fertility difficulties. 

Causes of Infertility in women: 

Female infertility can indeed be triggered by a variety of causes that impact or conflict with the biological processes listed below:

  • Ovulation, the discharge of the mature egg from the ovary.
  • Fertilization happens when sperm and egg interact in the fallopian tube after passing thru the cervix and uterus.
  • Implantation happens when a fertilized egg adheres to the uterine lining, allowing it to expand and develop into a baby.
  • Pelvic surgery can occasionally result in bruising or loss to the fallopian tubes. Cervical surgery can occasionally result in scarring or shrinking of the cervix resulting in infertility.
  • Submucosal fibroids are benign or noncancerous tumors that develop in the muscle uterine wall. They can impede implantation or clog the fallopian tube, blocking sperm from fertilizing the egg.
  • Endometriosis is a condition in which cells that ordinarily develop within the uterine lining begin to proliferate elsewhere in the body.

Risk factors in both men and women: 

Below mentioned are a few factors that can increase the risk of infertility in men.

  • Age
  • Smoking
  • Excess consumptions of alcohol
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Dealing with STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) which can affect the reproductive system. 
  • Excess exposure to toxins such as heavy metals, herbicides, and pesticides
  • Stress 
  • Too much or too little physical activity can also be a factor
  • Unhealthy diet can also have an impact on both male and female infertility

Infertility Treatment

Treatment to assist a person conceive naturally will rely on a variety of circumstances, including the individual's age, the duration of infertility, personal tastes, and overall health.

Intercourse frequency

The first method that a couple attempting to conceive may want to consider is engaging more sexual intercourse around the period of ovulation. The menstruation normally lasts 28-32 days and a female will normally ovulate between days 11 and 21 if she counts from the first day of her last cycle. Anyone whose cycle is less than 21 days or more than 35 days should consult their doctor.

Other Treatments Include: 

Unfortunately, planning intercourse may not be adequate to assist a couple conceive on their own. Treatment options will be determined by the underlying reason of infertility.


This can include erectile dysfunction drugs in men. Surgery may involve removing a varicose vein in the scrotum or repairing a clogged epididymis. And In female, doctors may give fertility medicines to females to control or stimulate ovulation.

Artificial Conception

Below mentioned are a few available Artificial conceptions

IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization): IVF is one of the most common fertility treatments that people go for. In this procedure, doctors combine sperm and unfertilized eggs in a tube, where fertilization can occur. They then implant the embryo in the uterus to initiate the pregnancy. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and aided hatching are two IVF procedures.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI): A doctor will insert a tiny catheter through the cervix into the uterus at the ovulation time to deliver a sperm sample straight into the uterus.

Surgical sperm aspiration: Sperm is extracted from the male genital tract. 

Donation of sperm or eggs: If necessary, a person can employ egg or sperm donation. IVF can be used to treat infertility with donated eggs.

Harsha Hospitals is one of the best hospitals in Hyderabad to provide Infertility treatment with advanced technology. Harsha Hospital, even started the department in which the assisted or artificial conception, IUI (Intrauterine-Insemination) is the main segment where All of the major causes of infertility, such as male factors, tubal factors, and endocrinological factors, are considered. Everyone of the most difficult patients come to us with previous several IUI cycles failing, multiple fibroids, and we welcome the challenge and attempt to deliver pregnancy to all.

Harsha Hospitals is the finest infertility treatment center in Kukatpally. IUI is a fertility procedure that includes inserting sperm into a woman's uterus to aid in conception. If the circumstance calls for it, we will recommend patients to sophisticated infertility facilities. We will advise and direct you to the most reputable infertility clinics in and around Hyderabad. We will approach each infertility issue on a specific and tailored basis. To know more info about infertility treatment at Harsha Hospitals do contact our experts or click here to have a quick appointment. 


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