How Does In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Work

How Does In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Work

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Many women desire to be mothers, and having a normal pregnancy is far more valuable. However, due to major health issues, only a small percentage of couples have a normal pregnancy. And few choose common fertility treatment to achieve their dreams, and when it comes to fertility treatment, IVF ranks first due to its high success rate. This blog will explain what IVF is, why it is performed, how IVF works, the risks associated with IVF, and much more…


What is IVF?


In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a form of fertility therapy in which eggs and sperm are combined outside of your body in a laboratory. It's a strategy employed by women who require assistance getting pregnant. IVF is an effective sort of assisted reproductive technology  (ART) with several technical processes. IVF aids in fertilization, embryo growth, and implantation, allowing you to get pregnant.


During IVF, mature eggs are extracted from the ovaries and fertilized in a lab using sperm. The fertilized egg or eggs (embryos) are then transported to the uterus. A whole IVF cycle lasts about three weeks. These phases are sometimes divided into sections, causing the procedure to take longer.


Many variables influence your chances of having a healthy baby with IVF, including your age and the cause of infertility. Furthermore, IVF can be time-consuming, costly, and intrusive. IVF can lead to pregnancy with more than one foetus if more than one embryo is implanted in the uterus (multiple pregnancy).


IVF has been there for decades, and you've probably heard of the fundamental concept: combining egg and sperm outside of the body in culture. But there is a lot more to IVF that occurs before and after that.


IVF is frequently used to treat:


  • Women with endometriosis
  • Women who have clogged or damaged fallopian tubes
  • Male infertility induced by low sperm count or blockage
  • Older women with fertility issues
  • PCOS or other ovarian conditions
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Problems with uterus 
  • Genetic disorders
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Fertility preservation for cancer or other medical disorders


How does IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) work?

IVF is an abbreviation for in vitro fertilization. It is one of the more well-known kinds of reproductive technology (ART). IVF works by combining medications and surgical techniques to assist sperm in fertilizing an egg and the fertilized egg is implanted in your uterus.


First, you take medicine to prepare some of your eggs for fertilization. The eggs are then removed from your body and mixed with sperm in a lab to assist the sperm to fertilize the eggs. Then doctors implant one or more fertilized eggs (embryos) into your uterus. Pregnancy occurs if any of the embryos are implanted in the uterine lining.


IVF is a lengthy process that takes several months to finish. It can succeed on the first attempt, but many individuals require more than one round of IVF to become pregnant. If you're suffering fertility issues, IVF will surely enhance your chances of getting pregnant, and there's no assurance - everyone's body is different, and IVF won't work for all.


Side effects of IVF


IVF, like other medications, has risks and potential adverse effects, including


  • Cramps
  • Bloating
  • Mood swings
  • Bleeding
  • Tender breasts
  • Allergic reactions
  • Infections


IVF may also be emotionally exhausting, both for the person undergoing the treatment and for their partner and/or family. Throughout the IVF treatment procedure, many people experience depression and anxiety.


Risks of IVF


Multiple births If more than one embryo is transplanted to your uterus through IVF, you are more likely to have multiple births. Pregnancy with multiple fetuses increases the risk of premature labor and low birth weight compared to pregnancy with a single fetus.


Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Injectable fertility medicines, such as human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), can cause ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, in which your ovaries become enlarged and uncomfortable.


Symptoms usually last a week and include minor stomach discomfort, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. When you get pregnant, your symptoms may last for several weeks. It is possible to develop a more severe type of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, which can also cause fast weight gain and shortness of breath.


Miscarriage rates for women who use IVF with fresh embryos are comparable to those for women who conceive naturally — approximately 15% to 25% — but the incidence rises with maternal age.


Premature birth with a low birth weight According to research, IVF marginally increases the likelihood of the baby being born prematurely or with low birth weight.


Defects during birth The mother's age is the greatest risk factor in the development of birth abnormalities, regardless of how the kid is conceived. More study is needed to establish whether kids born through IVF are more likely to have certain birth abnormalities.


Stress IVF treatment can be financially, physically, and emotionally taxing. Counselors, family, and friends can provide support to you and your partner as you navigate the ups and downs of infertility therapy.


Ectopic pregnancy An ectopic pregnancy occurs in around 2% to 5% of women who undergo IVF and occurs when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, generally in a fallopian tube. The fertilized egg cannot survive outside of the uterus, thus the pregnancy cannot be continued.


Cancer Although early research revealed a relationship between some drugs used to increase egg formation and the development of a certain kind of ovarian tumor, more current research contradicts these findings. Following IVF, there does not appear to be a higher incidence of breast, endometrial, cervical, or ovarian cancer.


Women's and their families' lives can be improved via education. Harsha Hospital aims to give complete Gynae care under one roof. Harsha Hospital is dedicated to providing an atmosphere of exceptional care, decency, and respect for all patients while maintaining the highest levels of treatment standards. We are always focused on providing affordable healthcare while adhering to the highest ethical standards at all levels. 


All of the major causes of infertility, such as male factors, tubal factors, and endocrinological factors, are considered. It is critical that we are truthful, ethical, and practical with our patients. We recognise that we may not be able to achieve pregnancy for every couple that comes to us. Whatever the outcome, we hope you have a great experience and will do everything we can to help you during and after your treatment. To know more about services and for further queries contact us.

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