common problems in pregnancy

Common Health Issues to Arise During Pregnancy

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Regular prenatal visits help the health care provider identify potential health problems that are common in pregnancy and take measures to oversee them. Being aware of these circumstances and getting regular prenatal care can prevent health problems and help you get treatment at the earliest.

Iron Deficiency Anemia

Anemia occurs when your red platelet count (hemoglobin or hematocrit) is low. Lack of iron anemia is the most popular type of anemia. Iron is a significant element of hemoglobin that allows blood to carry oxygen. Pregnant women need more iron for the increased quantity of blood in their bodies and the child. Symptoms of lack of iron include feeling tired or weak, looking pale, feeling faint, or experiencing shortness of breath. Your health care provider might suggest iron and folic acid supplements.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs when sugar levels are excessively high during pregnancy. The number of women affected by gestational diabetes is unknown due to various diagnostic criteria found during the 2 step process. Mostly the condition is found using a two-step process: screening with the glucose challenge screening test around 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy, trailed by a diagnostic test called the oral glucose tolerance test. Gestational diabetes increases the risk of a large child (macrosomia), preeclampsia, and cesarean birth. Treatment includes controlling blood sugar levels through a healthy diet, exercise, and medication if blood sugar values stay high.

Sorrow and nervousness

Many people know the phrase "postpartum depression," meaning depression that happens after the birth of a child. But, we now know that it's not simply during the postpartum period, and it's not depression.

Women experience depression, anxiety, and other common health issues during pregnancy and after the baby is born. These circumstances can have significant effects on the health of the mother and her child.

Depression can harm the developing fetus if you do not take care of yourself during pregnancy, including attending regular prenatal visits and staying away from alcohol and tobacco smoke. Talk with your medical care provider if you feel overwhelmed, sad, or anxious. Even though there are most common problems during pregnancy, depression, and anxiety are treatable.

Fetal Problems

Potential issues in the fetus include decreased movement after 28 weeks of pregnancy is estimated as smaller than usual. Such pregnancies require regular checkups and tests like ultrasound, non-stress, biophysical profiles, and possible early delivery.e

High Blood Pressure Related To Pregnancy

Pregnant women who develop hypertension should be observed closely for preeclampsia.


Infections, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are common problems in pregnancy during pregnancy or delivery and may lead to complications for the pregnant woman, the pregnancy, and the child after delivery. Find out more about how infections can affect pregnancy and cause issues during pregnancy.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

A few women experience extreme, persistent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy beyond the typical "morning disorder." Medication may help with nausea. Women with hyperemesis gravidarum may require hospitalization to get the fluids and supplements they need through a tube in their veins. Frequently, the condition reduces by the twentieth week of pregnancy.


Pregnancy miscarriage from natural causes before the twentieth week is considered a miscarriage. It is difficult to estimate the exact number of pregnancies that end in miscarriage because they might happen before a woman realizes she is pregnant. The common reason for first-trimester miscarriage is chromosomal issues. Symptoms can include cramping or bleeding. Spotting early in pregnancy is normal and doesn't mean that a miscarriage will happen.

Placenta Previa

This condition happens when the placenta covers part of the opening of the cervix inside the uterus. It can cause effortless bleeding during the second and third trimesters. The medical care provider might suggest bed rest. Hospitalization may be required if bleeding is heavy or if it continues. Placental issues may affect the baby being delivered.

Placental Abruption

In some women, the placenta separates from the inward uterine walls. This partition, or abruption, can be mild, moderate, or severe. If severe, the fetus cannot get the oxygen and nutrients needed to survive. Placental abruption can cause bleeding, cramping, or uterine delicacy. Treatment depends upon the seriousness of the abruption and how far along the pregnancy is. Severe cases may require early delivery.


Preeclampsia is a quick or unexpected onset of high blood pressure after the twentieth week of pregnancy. This condition causes high blood pressure, swelling of the hands and face, stomach pain, blurred vision, dizziness, and migraines. In a few cases, seizures can take place, called eclampsia. The only definite cure for preeclampsia is to deliver the child. If this would result in preterm birth, then maternal, fetal risks and benefits of the delivery need to be balanced with the risks associated with the baby conceived prematurely.

Preterm Labor

Newborn children are born after 39 or 40 weeks of pregnancy (full-term). The fetus's lungs, liver, and brain go through a crucial time of growth between 37 weeks and 39 weeks of pregnancy.

Starting to give birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy is a risk factor for complications for the baby and future preterm births for the mother. Sometimes there is a health risk to the mother or child before 39 weeks of delivery are required. However, in the case of a healthy pregnancy, it's best to wait until not less than 39 weeks.


For more information about infertility and other women’s issues consult Harsha Hospitals at +91 7799565793 or at or go to our website for more information.

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